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Air strikes in Libya began in the wake of the UNSC resolution. In my opinion, the Security Council’s “Responsibility to protect” principle (R2P) could be applied if Gaddafi used weapons of mass destruction – such as mustard gas (almost ten tonnes in his possession), bioweapons, “yellow-cake” uranium, Scud-B missiles, or if he (with the help of foreign mercenaries) starts ethnic cleaning of demonstrating tribes. Information from the field is, again, so contradictory that I do not know if my above criteria are realised. In addition, if the military option is to be used, I think that it should be implemented by Arab League or African Union forces – not by western powers – to avoid the operation being colonialist in character.

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