January 12, 2015
The crucial geopolitical belief held by the US ruling oligarchy, elaborated by Zbigniew Brzezinski, Jimmy Carter’s National Security Advisor and Barack Obama’s university mentor, in his 1997 book The Grand Chessboard is that U.S. could hold the entire world at checkmate by establishing control over the network of strategically located territories. As one of the ways to do so, Brzezinski suggested forming satellite regional organizations on the rim-lands of Eurasia.
This idea was not new in the geopolitical circles. Much earlier, at the close of the 19th century, it received the blessing of the founder of American geopolitical thought, the Navy officer and professor Alfred Thayer Mahan. At that time, it was known as the principle of the anaconda. Analogous to the anaconda, which suffocates its prey by wrapping itself firmly around it, the US foreign policy, in order to attain its goal of global hegemony, was to encircle its enemies, primarily using the coastal and other border regions. As for the enemies, Mahan mentioned Germany, Russia, and China.
Taking into consideration the fact that, as the Montenegrin author Sasa Markovic convincingly argues in his new book „Manifesto against the Empire“ (2013), the US (and British) ruling circles, in the course of two world wars, definitely extinguished the German will to confrontation, what was then left to take care of were Russia and China.
And, in truth, the Cold War was nothing other than the more or less open field for playing the geopolitical games for domination among these three players. What became clear after the collapse of the USSR was that the ideological struggle, presented as the struggle of democracy and freedom against dictatorship and unfreedom, was in reality only a façade for the struggle over the direction of globalization and the flows of resources.
That this is the case is shown by the permanent political, economic, and security pressures of the US and Great Britain, together with their „new“ European allies, against Russia, even though the Russian political circles parted with the ideology of Marxism-Leninism twenty years ago. The concrete proof can be found in the unrelentless expansion of NATO to the East, which in several new member states (and on at least one non-member state entity, Kosovo) also means the stationing of the US troops.
It is ironic that it often happens that the US military forces move into the military bases vacated by the Soviet troops. This leads us to the crucial question as to whether the fall of the Berlin Wall really had any beneficial and liberating effects on the sovereign decision making of the citizens in these countries. Isn’t it rather the case that it was simply just the replacement of one military occupation (empire) by another?
Unfortunately, due to the activities of its current puppet government, Montenegro is also forced to play a pawn in the chessgame of the US oligarchy. Montenegro is a component of the A5 from the article’s title.
A5 is an acronym for the American Adriatic Charter Organization, which, in addition to the US, includes also Albania, Croatia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro, while Serbia and Kosovo have the observer status. This organization is a typical neocolonial regional organization whose purpose is to socialize the local, generally corrupt, ruling classes and, through the policies of the carrot and the stick, make them do the bidding of the imperial chessmasters, all the while forgetting, if not trampling under foot, the interests of their own citizens.
Montenegro was „presiding“ over this organization twice: from January to June 2011 and, very recently, from July to December 2013. The key event which marked the Montenegrin presidency and, in my opinion, revealed the key move of the oligarchic chessmasters, took place in New York City on September 26, 2013. On that day, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Hoyt Brian Yee, together with NATO Assistant General Secretary for Political and Security Questions Thrasyvoulos Stamatopoulos, moved the pawns from A5 to B3.
B3 is yet another acronym and it stands for the American Baltic Charter Organization, which includes not only Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, but also Georgia, even though Georgia is more than two thousand kilometers away from the Baltic Sea. This goes to prove that here we do not have a simple geographical grouping of countries, but an organization with a clear geopolitical aim to defend the US oligarchic interests: the already mentioned principle of the anaconda against Russia and the Russian allies in Central Asia.
It is very probable that this NYC meeting among the A5 & B3 ministers of foreign affairs, sponsored by the US and NATO, in which „concrete cooperation“ was agreed upon, in reality, represents one of the final steps before Montenegro and other A5 countries are forced to assume full time roles in the offensive and violent geopolitical Drang nach Osten.
This is something that should worry all Montenegrin citizens. Could it be that, by agreeing to play along, the current Montenegrin government lays the groundwork for the participation of Montenegro in the anticipated conflicts on the territories of the former USSR?
One has to keep in mind that in the past decade the B3 countries made some extremely rigid, nontransparent, and aggressive domestic and foreign policy decisions. Lithuania permitted the establishment of a secret CIA prison on its territory. Estonia passed the discriminatory laws against the Russian minority. And Georgia provoked a war with Russia by trying a violent takeover of the restive autonomous province of South Ossetia in August 2008.
This war, just like the current military confrontation in Ukraine, could be seen as the attempt of the US oligarchy to test the willingness and strength of its antagonist, the Russian oligarchy, to defend its own geopolitical spheres of influence. The US oligarchy did get its answer over South Ossetia, but not the kind it wanted, and so now it is trying all over again in Ukraine.
However, a much more important question to ask is what the Georgian and South Ossetian (and now the Ukrainian) citizens have got by fighting. Dead youths, destroyed economy, divided country, the disappearance of the future. In the Balkan region, we already had that in the 1990s. And the provocations came from the same Western centers. Wasn’t that enough?
This is why Montenegrin citizens, opposition politicians, and autonomous NGOs should demand the withdrawal of Montenegro from A5 and any other organization on the global chessboard whose moves are not decided on democratically and may violate the Montenegrin Constitution.
In this respect, I am convinced that only a militarily neutral Montenegro could insure the politics of diplomatic impartiality and save Montenegro from having to take part in the global confrontation for domination among the Great Power oligarchies. I am also convinced that the move from A5 to B3 is a sure gambit for war.
Originally published in the Montenegrin daily newspaper Vijesti on January 23, 2014. Translated into English by the author.